Hurricane Harvey slammed into the Texas coast on Friday as a Category 4 storm with winds of up to 130 miles (209 km) per hour, the most powerful storm in over a decade to hit the mainland United States. The hurricane made landfall northeast of Corpus Christi around 10 p.m. CDT (0300 GMT), bringing with it a sea surge of up to 13 feet and over 3 feet (90 cm) of rain as it lingers along the Texas coast and parts of Louisiana for days. It was the first Category 4 hurricane to wallop the United States since Charley in 2004 and the first to hit Texas since Carla in 1961. The storm was currently about 30 miles (45 km) from Corpus Christi, a city of 320,000, and knocked out power to some homes in that city and nearby towns. While thousands fled the expected devastating flooding and destruction, many residents defied mandatory evacuation orders and stocked up on food, fuel and sandbags. "We're suggesting if people are going to stay here, mark their arm with a Sharpie pen with their name and Social Security number," Rockport Mayor Pro Tem Patrick Rios told reporters Friday, according to media reports. "We hate to talk about things like that. It's not something we like to do but it's the reality. People don't listen." As many as 5.8 million people were believed to be in the storm's path, as well as the heart of America's oil refining operations. The storm's impact on refineries has already pushed up gasoline prices. As a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale, Harvey could uproot trees, destroy homes and disrupt utilities for days. It is the first major hurricane, of Category 3 or more, to hit the mainland United States since Hurricane Wilma struck Florida in 2005. Donald Trump, facing the first large-scale natural disaster of his presidency, said on Twitter he signed a disaster proclamation which "unleashes the full force of government help" shortly before Harvey made landfall. In Corpus Christi, where there was voluntary evacuation, strengthening winds buffeted the few trucks and cars that continued to circulate on the streets. The storm toppled wooden roadwork signs and littered the streets with pieces of palm trees as white caps rocked sailboats in their docks. About 85 miles (137 km) north in Victoria, Mayor Paul Polasek told CNN he estimated that 60 percent to 65 percent of the town's 65,000 residents defied the mandatory evacuation order. Jose Rengel, a 47-year-old who works in construction, said he was one of the few people in Jamaica Beach in Galveston that did not heed a voluntary evacuation order. "All the shops are empty," he said as the sky turned black and rain fell. "It's like a tornado went in and swept everything up." With the hurricane bearing down on the Texas coast, at least three cruise ships operated by Carnival Corp with thousands of passengers aboard were forced to change their plans to sail for the Port of Galveston. Two of them headed New Orleans to pick up fresh supplies, while the third delayed its departure from Cozumel, Mexico. The NHC's latest tracking model shows the storm sitting southwest of Houston for more than a day, giving the nation's fourth most populous city a double dose of rain and wind. "Life-threatening and devastating flooding expected near the coast due to heavy rainfall and storm surge," the NHC said. Louisiana and Texas declared states of disaster, authorizing the use of state resources to prepare. The city of Houston warned residents of flooding from close to 20 inches (60 cm) of rain over several days. Houston Mayor Sylvester Turner advised city residents not to leave en masse, saying "no evacuation orders have been issued for the city." Chaotic traffic from a rushed evacuation in 2005 with Hurricane Rita proved tragic. "Calm and care!" he said in a tweet.